While Armenia is grappling with the fallout from the Feb. 18 presidential voting and trying to accommodate a newly energized opposition, its two hostile neighbors, Azerbaijan and Turkey, are entangled in a feud over the Armenian election.
A year ago, in a column titled, “Who Rules Turkey: Erdogan or Aliyev?” I expressed my astonishment that Turkey was allowing Azerbaijan to repeatedly interfere in its sovereign policies, as in the case of the Armenia-Turkey protocols. Now there are two fresh examples of Azerbaijan’s unwarranted interference in Turkish decision-making.
No sooner had Turkish Airlines announced that it would distribute a copy of Agos, a bilingual Armenian-Turkish weekly newspaper, to its international passengers, that Fikret Sadikov, an Azeri professor and political analyst, objected to its dissemination, calling it an “absolutely absurd and irresponsible gesture.”
Sadikov also complained that Turkish President Abdullah Gul had sent a congratulatory letter to Armenian President Serge Sarkisian on his re-election. “Such steps would cause great sorrow both in Turkey and Azerbaijan,” Sadikov told Trend, an Azeri publication. Sadikov’s objection was part of a larger campaign orchestrated by Azeri leaders, accusing Turkey of undermining their efforts to pressure Armenia into making territorial concessions regarding Artsakh (Karabagh).
Here are some of the objections leveled at Gul by leading Azeri officials:
– “Turkey must clarify the issue of Turkish President Abdullah Gul’s sending congratulations to his Armenian counterpart Serge Sarkisian,” stated Novruz Mammadov, the chief foreign policy advisor of the Azerbaijani president.
– “This hurt us. … It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that no matter how many signs of politeness may be expressed to Armenia, it uses it for other purposes,” stated Oqtay Asadov, the speaker of Azerbaijan’s Parliament.
– “We didn’t expect this. … It is regrettable that the president of Turkey, a strategic partner of Azerbaijan, hastily congratulated Sarkisian, who was elected as a result of fraud,” stated Mubariz Gurbanli, a member of parliament and deputy executive secretary of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party.
– “Turkish President Abdullah Gul’s sending of congratulations before the official announcement of the results is the wrong step. This is the continuation of Turkey’s zero-problem policy with neighboring states. But, actually this policy failed. With this policy, Turkey’s relations with most of the states in the region have become tense. Moreover, the Turkish president’s congratulations to Sarkisian contradict the interests of Azerbaijan. At a time when the international community is expressing views that an illegitimate government exists in Armenia, the Turkish government sealed the legitimacy of the Armenian leadership. This is wrong and regrettable,” stated Arif Hajili, central executive board member of Azerbaijan’s Musavat Party.
– “If someone thinks that Armenia and Armenians will give up the so-called genocide and territorial claims thanks to these steps, they are mistaken,” stated Gudrat Hasanguliyev, chairman of the United Azerbaijan Popular Front Party.
– “President Gul’s congratulations of Serge Sarkisian was a hasty decision,” stated Nizami Jafarov, a parliament member and head of the working group on inter-parliamentary relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey.
– “This step will not gain Turkey positive assessment by the global community. Turkey can be sure of it. Congratulating Serge Sarkisian was a hasty step. This is not in the national interest of either Azerbaijan or Turkey,” stated parliament member Fazail Aghamali.
– ” Serge Sarkisian is Turkey’s enemy. He accuses Turkey of so-called Armenian genocide and makes territorial claims. It is not clear why Abdullah Gul decided to be one of the first to congratulate Sarkisian on his re-election. This is unacceptable,” stated Vafa Guluzade, the foreign policy advisor to the former president of Azerbaijan.
Rather than lash back at the undue Azeri interference in Turkey’s decisions, the Turkish Foreign Ministry sheepishly explained that Gul’s congratulatory letter to Pres. Sarkisian was “a diplomatic courtesy and a gesture of goodwill.” Gul had also congratulated Sarkisian’s first presidential election in 2008.
How long will the all-powerful Turkish government, which projects its political, economic, and military clout far and wide, tolerate Azerbaijan’s repeated interference in Turkey’s policies? When will Ankara dare to tell Baku to mind its own business and make it clear that Turkey will not subordinate its national interests to Azerbaijan’s self-centered wishes?
Armenia is fortunate that, while it is dealing with the repercussions of the presidential election, its two hostile neighbors, Azerbaijan and Turkey, are busy feuding with each other!